Top 15 Small Dog Breeds Under 10 Pounds

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Small dogs are a delight to watch and fun to play with. These dogs are lightweight and adorable. You can call these dogs as lap dogs. When getting a smaller pup, you have to consider lots of factors along with weight. There are dozens of Small Dog Breeds out there, so ensure that you’re selecting the right one. These are the top 15 Small Dog Breeds under 10 pounds that everyone should know.

1. Affenpinscher

Small Dog Breeds

In terms of weight, the Affenpinscher typically weighs between 7 to 10 pounds (3 to 4.5 kilograms). They have a sturdy and compact build, with a height ranging from 9 to 11.5 inches (23 to 29 centimeters). Their body length is slightly longer than their height, giving them a square-shaped appearance. Despite their small size, these dogs are known for their fearless and confident nature.

When it comes to lifespan, Affenpinscher generally live for about 12 to 14 years. This breed is known for its longevity and overall good health. However, as with any dog breed, it is important to provide them with proper care, nutrition, and regular veterinary check-ups to ensure their well-being.

This breed is recognized for its distinctive facial expression, often described as monkey-like, with a prominent jaw, bushy eyebrows, and a beard. Their wiry, dense coat requires regular grooming to prevent matting and maintain its characteristic appearance. Their coat color can vary and includes shades of black, gray, silver, or a combination of these colors.

In terms of temperament, Affenpinscher are known for their spunky and mischievous personality. They are intelligent, alert, and make excellent watchdogs. Despite their small size, they have a strong and confident demeanor. These dogs are generally good with children and make loyal companions for their families.

2. American Eskimo Dog

Small Dog Breeds

In terms of size, the American Eskimo Dog comes in three different varieties: toy, miniature, and standard. The toy variety is the smallest, weighing under 10 pounds (4.5 kilograms) and standing around 9 to 12 inches (23 to 30 centimeters) in height. The miniature variety weighs between 10 and 20 pounds (4.5 to 9 kilograms) and stands around 12 to 15 inches (30 to 38 centimeters) in height. The standard variety is the largest, weighing between 25 and 35 pounds (11 to 16 kilograms) and standing around 15 to 19 inches (38 to 48 centimeters) in height.

The American Eskimo Dog has a relatively long lifespan compared to some other Small Dog Breeds. With proper care and a healthy lifestyle, they can live for around 12 to 15 years. They are generally a healthy breed, but like all dogs, they may be prone to certain health issues such as hip dysplasia and progressive retinal atrophy. Regular exercise, a balanced diet, and routine veterinary check-ups are important to ensure their overall well-being.

Known for their fluffy white coat and adorable smile, these dogs are highly intelligent, alert, and eager to please. They are known for their agility and trainability, making them suitable for various activities such as obedience training and agility courses. They are also excellent family pets and get along well with children and other pets when properly socialized.

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3. Bolognese

Small Dog Breeds

Originating from Italy, the Bolognese has a heritage that can be traced back several centuries. It is believed to have descended from the Bichon family of dogs and was initially bred as a companion dog for the noble families of Italy. Today, it is known for its loving nature and loyal companionship.

In terms of weight, these dogs typically weigh between 5.5 to 9 pounds (2.5 to 4 kilograms). They have a small and compact body with a height ranging from 9 to 12 inches (23 to 30 centimeters). Their length is slightly longer than their height, giving them a balanced and elegant appearance.

The Bolognese has a relatively long lifespan compared to some other dog breeds. With proper care, nutrition, and regular veterinary check-ups, they can live for around 12 to 15 years. This breed is generally healthy, but like all dogs, they may be prone to certain genetic conditions, such as luxating patella or eye-related issues. Regular grooming, including brushing their long and fluffy coat, is necessary to keep them looking their best.

Known for their affectionate and gentle nature, these dogs thrive on human companionship. They are intelligent, eager to please, and make excellent family pets. Their friendly and sociable temperament allows them to get along well with children and other animals when properly socialized.

The Bolognese is a low-shedding breed, making it suitable for individuals with allergies. They have a beautiful white coat that consists of long, fluffy hair that requires regular grooming to prevent matting and maintain its quality.

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4. Chihuahua

Small Dog Breeds

The Chihuahua is a small dog breed that hails from Mexico and is known for its petite size and feisty personality. It is named after the state of Chihuahua in Mexico, where it is believed to have originated. The breed has a rich history and is one of the oldest dog breeds in the Americas.

In terms of size, these dogs are among the smallest dog breeds. They typically weigh under 10 pounds (4.5 kilograms) and stand around 5 to 8 inches (13 to 20 centimeters) in height. They have a compact body with a well-rounded head and expressive eyes. There are two varieties of Chihuahua: the smooth coat and the long coat. The smooth coat has short, glossy fur, while the long coat has a soft and flowing coat that requires more grooming.

This breed have a relatively long lifespan compared to some other dog breeds. With proper care and a healthy lifestyle, they can live for around 12 to 20 years. They are generally a healthy breed, but they may be prone to certain health issues such as dental problems, patellar luxation, and heart conditions. Regular veterinary check-ups and proper dental care are essential for their well-being.

Despite their small size, Chihuahua have big personalities. They are known for being alert, lively, and fiercely loyal to their owners. They can be quite protective and may exhibit a “big dog” attitude. However, early socialization and proper training are important to ensure they develop good behavior and get along well with other dogs and people.

5. Italian Greyhound

Small Dog Breeds

The Italian Greyhound is a small and elegant dog breed that originated in ancient Egypt and later gained popularity in Italy. Known for its slender and graceful build, this breed falls under the category of small dogs, typically weighing under 10 pounds (4.5 kilograms). Italian Greyhound are beloved for their dainty appearance and gentle nature.

In terms of height and length, Italian Greyhound stand at around 13 to 15 inches (33 to 38 centimeters) at the shoulder and have a sleek and elongated body. They possess a unique grace and athleticism, reflecting their heritage as sight hounds. Despite their delicate appearance, they are well-balanced and agile.

The average lifespan of an Italian Greyhound is typically around 12 to 15 years, although some individuals may live even longer with proper care. Like many Small Dog Breeds, they are generally healthy, but they may be prone to certain health issues such as dental problems, patellar luxation, and progressive retinal atrophy. Regular veterinary check-ups and a balanced diet are crucial for their overall well-being.

These dogs are known for their affectionate and sensitive nature. They form strong bonds with their human companions and thrive on companionship and attention. While they are generally good with older children and well-behaved pets, their delicate structure makes them unsuitable for rough play and handling by young children.

6. Japanese Chin

Small Dog Breeds

In terms of height and length, Japanese Chin typically stand at around 8 to 11 inches (20 to 28 centimeters) at the shoulder, with a compact and square-shaped body. They have a fine bone structure, elegant neck, and a plumed tail that curls gracefully over their back. Their silky, long coats come in various colors, including black and white, red and white, and black and tan.

The average lifespan of a Japanese Chin ranges from 10 to 12 years, although some individuals may live longer with proper care. They may be prone to certain health issues such as dental problems, luxating patella, and heart murmurs. Regular veterinary check-ups and a balanced diet are important for their overall well-being.

These dogs are known for their gentle and affectionate nature. They thrive on human companionship and make excellent lap dogs, providing constant love and companionship to their owners. They are generally good with older children and other pets, although early socialization is important to ensure their adaptability.

Grooming the Japanese Chin is relatively easy, as their long, silky coats require regular brushing to prevent tangles and mats. They are generally clean dogs and do not have a strong odor. Additionally, their moderate exercise needs can be met with daily walks and playtime, making them suitable for various living situations, including apartments.

7. Japanese Terrier

Small Dog Breeds

The Japanese Terrier is a small and lively dog breed that originated in Japan. As its name suggests, it falls under the category of small dogs, typically weighing under 10 pounds (4.5 kilograms). This breed is known for its energy, intelligence, and spirited personality, making it a popular choice for dog lovers seeking an active and compact companion.

In terms of height and length, Japanese Terrier are generally about 9 to 13 inches (23 to 33 centimeters) tall at the shoulder and have a well-proportioned body. They have a short and smooth coat that comes in various colors, including white with black or tan markings.

The average lifespan of a Japanese Terrier ranges from 12 to 15 years, although individual dogs may live longer with proper care and a healthy lifestyle. They are generally robust and do not have specific breed-related health issues. However, routine veterinary check-ups and a balanced diet are essential to ensure their overall well-being.

Japanese Terrier are known for their energetic and playful nature. They require regular exercise and mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior. Daily walks, interactive play sessions, and training activities can help meet their exercise needs and keep them engaged.

Grooming the Japanese Terrier is relatively easy, as their short coat requires minimal maintenance. Regular brushing and occasional bathing are usually sufficient to keep their coat clean and healthy.

8. Maltese

Small Dog Breeds

Originating from the Mediterranean island of Malta, the breed has a rich history dating back thousands of years. They were treasured by ancient civilizations, including the Greeks and Romans, who valued them as royal companions. Over time, the Maltese breed spread across Europe, gaining popularity among the aristocracy.

In terms of height and length, Maltese dogs are typically around 8 to 10 inches (20 to 25 centimeters) tall at the shoulder. They have a compact and balanced body structure, with a silky, long, and flowing white coat that requires regular grooming to maintain its beauty.

The average lifespan of a Maltese ranges from 12 to 15 years, although with proper care, they can live even longer. They may be prone to certain genetic health issues, such as dental problems, luxating patella (knee joint dislocation), and eye conditions. Regular veterinary check-ups, a nutritious diet, and good dental hygiene are crucial for their overall well-being.

Maltese dogs are known for their affectionate and lively temperament. They thrive on human companionship and are excellent lap dogs. Despite their small size, they are fearless and confident, making them well-suited for apartment living or households with limited space.

While they are not high-energy dogs, Maltese still require daily exercise to stay fit and mentally stimulated. Short walks, playtime, and interactive toys are beneficial for their physical and mental health.

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9. Papillon

Small Dog Breeds

The breed’s origin can be traced back to Europe, particularly France and Belgium. The name “Papillon” is French for butterfly, which refers to the breed’s erect, butterfly-like ears. They were highly favored by European royalty and nobility, often depicted in paintings and tapestries throughout history.

In terms of size, Papillon typically stand around 8 to 11 inches (20 to 28 centimeters) tall at the shoulder. They have a delicate yet well-balanced body structure, with a silky, long, and flowing coat. The coat is usually white with patches of various colors, such as black, red, or sable. Regular grooming is necessary to keep their coat looking its best.

The average lifespan of a Papillon ranges from 12 to 16 years, although many individuals can live beyond that with proper care. They are generally healthy dogs, but like other small breeds, they may be prone to certain health issues such as dental problems, luxating patella (knee joint dislocation), and progressive retinal atrophy (a degenerative eye condition).

Papillon are known for their alert and intelligent nature. They are highly trainable and excel in activities such as obedience, agility, and even therapy work. Despite their small size, they are energetic and enjoy regular exercise, including walks and playtime.

10. Phalene

Small Dog Breeds

The Phalene captivates with its petite proportions and delicate frame. Its well-balanced body exudes charm and refinement, while its enchanting ears, resembling the graceful wings of a butterfly, add an extra touch of elegance. Beyond its captivating exterior, the Phalene‘s temperament is equally endearing. Known for its friendliness and affectionate nature, this breed quickly wins the hearts of those around it. Its intelligence and eagerness to please make it relatively easy to train, resulting in a well-mannered and joyful companion.

Despite its small size, the Phalene exhibits a confident and outgoing personality. These dogs embrace the world with a joyful and adventurous spirit, always ready for new experiences. Their adaptability shines through in their exercise and living needs. While regular exercise is important to keep them healthy and happy, they can thrive in various living conditions, including apartments, as long as they receive adequate mental and physical stimulation.

Grooming is a ritual of care for the Phalene. Its long and silky coat requires regular maintenance to preserve its soft and lustrous appearance. Brushing their fur a few times a week helps prevent matting and tangling, ensuring their coat remains in pristine condition. Additionally, attention to their ears is essential, with regular checks and cleaning necessary to maintain their overall health and well-being.

While the Phalene is generally a healthy breed, it may beb. Dental problems, luxating patellas, and eye conditions are issues that may affect them. Regular veterinary visits and a nutritious diet play a vital role in ensuring their optimal health and longevity.

11. Pomeranian

Small Dog Breeds

Originating from the Pomerania region, which is now part of Poland and Germany, Pomeranian were originally larger sled-pulling dogs. Over time, through selective breeding, they were miniaturized to their current small size. They are descendants of larger breeds like the German Spitz.

Pomeranian are typically around 6 to 7 inches (15 to 18 centimeters) tall at the shoulder, and they have a compact and sturdy body. Despite their small size, they have a proud and confident demeanor, often referred to as “big dog in a small body.” Their distinctive double coat consists of a soft, fluffy undercoat and a longer, harsh-textured outer coat. They come in a wide variety of colors, including orange, black, white, cream, sable, and more.

The average lifespan of a Pomeranian ranges from 12 to 16 years, although individual dogs may live longer with proper care. They are generally healthy dogs, but like other small breeds, they may be prone to certain health issues such as dental problems, luxating patella, tracheal collapse, and eye conditions.

Pomeranian are known for their lively and extroverted personalities. They are intelligent, curious, and often exhibit a larger-than-life attitude. They are loyal and affectionate towards their owners but can be reserved with strangers. They can be a bit feisty and may exhibit a strong watchdog instinct.

While Pomeranian are small, they have moderate energy levels and require regular exercise to keep them physically and mentally stimulated. Daily walks, playtime, and interactive toys can help meet their exercise needs.

12. Prazsky Krysarik 

Small Dog Breeds

Originating in Prague, the Prazsky Krysarik has a rich history dating back several centuries. It is believed to have descended from small Asian dogs brought to Europe by traders. Over time, it became a beloved companion dog among the aristocracy in the Czech Republic. Despite its long history, the breed remains relatively rare outside of its home country.

In terms of size, the Prazsky Krysarik typically stands between 7.5 to 9.5 inches (19 to 24 centimeters) tall at the shoulder. They have a compact and delicate body structure, yet they are still agile and active. They have a short, smooth coat that comes in various colors, including black, tan, brown, and sable.

The average lifespan of a Prazsky Krysarik ranges from 12 to 14 years, although some individuals may live longer with proper care. Like many small breeds, they tend to be relatively healthy, but they may be prone to dental issues, patellar luxation, and eye problems.

Despite their small size, Prazsky Krysarik have a big personality. They are known for their energetic and playful nature. They form strong bonds with their owners and thrive on human companionship. They can be reserved around strangers but are generally friendly and alert.

Due to their small size and moderate exercise needs, Prazsky Krysarik can adapt well to apartment living. Regular exercise in the form of short walks and play sessions is sufficient to keep them happy and healthy.

13. Bichon Frise

Small Dog Breeds

The Bichon Frise is a small and lovable dog breed known for its cheerful disposition and fluffy white coat. Originating in the Mediterranean region, this breed has a long history as a companion dog and has gained popularity around the world.

The Bichon Frise typically weighs between 10 to 18 pounds (4.5 to 8 kilograms) and stands around 9.5 to 11.5 inches (24 to 29 centimeters) tall at the shoulder. Despite their small size, they have a sturdy and balanced body structure. Their most distinctive feature is their beautiful double coat, which consists of a soft, dense undercoat and a curly outer coat that gives them a plush appearance.

In terms of lifespan, the Bichon Frise has an average life expectancy of 12 to 15 years. With proper care, some individuals have been known to live even longer. They are generally a healthy breed, but like many small dogs, they may be prone to certain health issues such as allergies, dental problems, and patellar luxation.

This breed is known for their friendly and affectionate nature. They are highly sociable and enjoy being around people and other pets. They make excellent family pets and are generally good with children. Their playful and gentle temperament, combined with their intelligence, makes them relatively easy to train and well-suited for various living situations.

Grooming is an important aspect of Bichon Frise care. Their coat requires regular brushing to prevent matting and tangling. Many owners choose to keep their coats trimmed short for easier maintenance. Additionally, they may need regular bathing, ear cleaning, and dental care to keep them clean and healthy.

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14. Yorkshire Terrier 

Small Dog Breeds

The Yorkshire Terrier, also known as the Yorkie, is a small and spirited dog breed that captures the hearts of many. Originating from Yorkshire, England, this breed was initially developed to catch rats in textile mills but soon became a beloved companion dog.

The Yorkshire Terrier is a tiny breed, typically weighing between 4 to 7 pounds (1.8 to 3.2 kilograms) and standing around 7 to 8 inches (18 to 20 centimeters) tall at the shoulder. Despite their small size, they possess a confident and self-assured demeanor. They have a long, glossy, and silky coat that comes in a variety of colors, with a signature steel blue and tan pattern.

In terms of lifespan, Yorkies have an average life expectancy of 12 to 15 years. With proper care and a healthy lifestyle, some individuals have been known to live beyond that range. Like many small breeds, Yorkshire Terrier may be prone to certain health issues such as dental problems, luxating patella, and tracheal collapse.

Yorkies are known for their spirited and lively personality. They are curious, intelligent, and possess a big personality in a small body. They are devoted to their families and can form strong bonds with their owners. Despite their small stature, they are often confident and can exhibit a feisty nature.

Due to their small size and moderate exercise needs, Yorkshire Terrier can adapt well to various living situations. They can thrive in apartments or homes with limited outdoor space. Daily walks and interactive playtime are essential for their physical and mental stimulation.

15. Pekingese

Small Dog Breeds

Weighing under 10 pounds (4.5 kilograms), the Pekingese is a compact and sturdy breed. They typically stand about 6 to 9 inches (15 to 23 centimeters) tall at the shoulder. Despite their small size, they have a muscular and heavy-boned build. Their most striking feature is their luxurious double coat, which comes in a variety of colors and requires regular grooming to keep it looking its best.

In terms of lifespan, Pekingese dogs generally live between 12 and 14 years, although some can live even longer with proper care and a healthy lifestyle. It’s important to note that they may be prone to certain health issues such as eye problems, respiratory difficulties, and joint conditions due to their unique body structure.

These dogs have a distinctive appearance characterized by their flat face, large, round eyes, and a mane-like ruff of fur around their neck. They carry themselves with a confident and dignified attitude, often described as having a “lion-like” appearance. Despite their regal appearance, they are known for their affectionate and loyal nature towards their owners.

Due to their small size and moderate exercise needs, Pekingese dogs can adapt well to various living situations. They are well-suited for apartment living as they don’t require extensive exercise but still enjoy daily walks and playtime. They are generally calm and content in their home environment.

In conclusion, small dog breeds under 10 pounds offer a world of joy in a compact package. These pint-sized companions bring a delightful presence to any home, with their adorable features and lovable personalities. Whether you’re looking for a lap dog or an energetic playmate, these small breeds are sure to bring big smiles and endless happiness to your life.

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